Best Snails for Pufferfish Care and Nutrition

Best Snails for Pufferfish

Best Snails for Pufferfish Care and Nutrition

With their fascinating personalities and striking appearances, pufferfish have become a favorite in many aquariums. One of the essential aspects of keeping puffers happy and healthy is providing them with the right diet. But which are the best snails for pufferfish to maintain their dietary needs?

The best snails for pufferfish are ramshorn snails due to their softer shells and high nutritional content. While apple, pond, and mystery snails are also options, Malaysian Trumpet Snails (MTS) are generally avoided because of their hard shells, which can be challenging for puffers to consume.

This article delves into the world of snails, from the top choices for your puffer pals to breeding tips for a sustainable food source. Discover more about these mollusks and their crucial role in your pufferfish’s life.

Why Snails Matter for Puffers

Firstly, it’s vital to understand why snails play a crucial role in the diet of many puffer fish. While puffers consume a varied diet, snails serve a dual purpose:

  • They are a delicious meal.
  • They are a natural tool for wearing down the puffer’s continuously growing teeth.

If a puffer’s teeth become too long, they can prevent the fish from eating, requiring manual trimming – a challenging process that’s best avoided.

Popular Choices for Puffer Fish: A Community Verdict

From forums to aquarium clubs, the consistent champion among recommendations for the best snails to feed puffers is the Ramshorn snail. Why?

  • Ease of Breeding: Ramshorns are beginner-friendly, with simple care needs. They require a small tank, a minimal sponge filter, and routine feeding to reproduce rapidly. Regarding what to feed them, blanched kale, pleco bites, or sinking pellets are top choices. A heated environment, around 76°F (24°C) or more, ensures faster egg hatching.
  • Nutritional Value: They serve as a healthy meal for puffers, ensuring they get the necessary nutrients.
  • Safety: Their shells, unlike some other snail varieties, don’t present a significant risk of damaging the puffer’s dental plates.

Other Contenders for Best Snails to Feed Puffers

While Ramshorn snails are the top choice, other snails also make the list:

  • Pond Snails: Often considered a nuisance by many aquarists due to their rapid multiplication, pond snails have found favor among puffer owners. These snails, which are easily available, often for free, make excellent meals for puffers, especially the South American Puffer (SAP).
  • Apple and Mystery Snails: Although their reproduction rate is slower compared to Ramshorns, their young can serve as delightful treats for your finned friends.

Snails to Exercise Caution With

There’s a general consensus among the aquarist community that Malaysian Trumpet Snails (MTS) are not the best snails for dwarf puffers or other puffer fish, primarily due to their hard cone-shaped shells. These shells can be challenging for many puffers to crush, posing a risk of chipping or breaking their dental plates.

However, some experienced aquarists have suggested that, while MTS shouldn’t be a primary food source, they can be used to help puffers “exercise” their teeth without actually eating them. This practice is more controversial, so proceed with caution and always prioritize the safety of your fish.

Special Mention: Snails for Dwarf and Pea Puffers

When considering the best snails for dwarf puffers and particularly the best snails for pea puffers, it’s important to understand their unique feeding habits. These puffers, known for their smaller size, tend to suck out the snail’s insides rather than crush the shell.

Therefore, when selecting the best snails to feed dwarf puffers, even those with harder shells, like trumpets, can be considered. However, as with all puffer varieties, it’s essential to ensure they are not overfed and that they maintain a balanced diet.

How to Breed Snails for Puffer Fish

Breeding snails at home can be an enjoyable endeavor that satisfies your puffer’s appetite and ensures a steady and sustainable fresh food supply. Let’s delve into how you can cultivate the best snails for your finned pals.

Setting up Your Snail Breeding Tank

First, you need a basic setup that doesn’t break the bank. Begin with a 10-gallon tank—a size manageable for most hobbyists. You don’t need a sophisticated filtration system; a sponge filter like the Hydro Sponge Filter is sufficient.

For a simple yet effective filtration system in your snail breeding tank, consider the Lustar – Hydro-Sponge Filter. This whisper-quiet filter ensures crystal clear water while being easy to maintain—just rinse in used tank water. Plus, with its versatility to hold various filtering media and its efficacy in reducing protein buildup, it’s an ideal choice for novice and seasoned aquarists.

Feeding and Maintaining Your Snails

As for the diet of your snails, consider shrimp pellets. These sinking pellets are nutritious, packed with proteins, and fortified with essential vitamins to ensure your snails grow healthy and robust.

For an optimal diet for your snails, consider the API Bottom Feeder Pellets. Not only are these pellets rich in essential proteins, including shrimp, mussels, and seaweed, but they’re also designed for easy digestion, resulting in cleaner water with less toxic ammonia. They’re specially tailored for bottom feeders, ensuring your snails get all the nutrition they need.

Apart from the primary feed, occasionally provide them with blanched vegetables like spinach or zucchini. Remember, the healthier your snails are, the better they are for your puffer fish.

Ensuring a Steady Supply of Snails

It’s common for puffers to consume snails faster than you might expect, especially when they’re young and growing. To prevent a shortage, consider having two separate breeding tanks. This ensures that while one batch is maturing, the other is ready for harvest.

Frequently Asked Questions

My puffer doesn’t seem to be interested in the snails I offer. Why?

This can be due to several reasons. Some puffers may not recognize snails as food initially, especially if they were previously on a different diet. Introduce snails gradually, mixing them with their familiar food. Over time, your puffer will likely develop a taste for them.

I’ve heard crushed coral can help with snail shell development. Is this true?

Adding crushed coral to your snail breeding tank can help provide the necessary calcium for robust shell growth. Consider adding Carib Sea ACS00110 Crushed Coral to your breeding tank. This 10lb case is a solid and economical choice, ensuring you get value for your money while providing your snails with the essential minerals they need.

Is there a limit to how many snails I should feed my puffer daily?

You should regulate the number of snails you feed your puffer to prevent overfeeding. Generally, 2-3 medium-sized snails daily are adequate for an adult puffer. However, observe your puffer’s behavior and adjust accordingly.


Caring for puffer fish and ensuring they have the best snails for their diet can initially seem daunting. However, with the right knowledge and a bit of dedication, it’s not only feasible but also immensely rewarding.

Remember, the key is understanding your puffer’s needs and ensuring a balanced diet. Happy fish-keeping!



  • Paul Odoteh

    Paul Odoteh is an established writer and editor with nearly 10 years of experience in writing and editing. He holds a bachelor's degree in IT and has written for numerous publications and individuals. Currently, Odoteh is dedicated to expanding his blog,, which was inspired by his passion for owning an aquarium.

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